Options - Option 28 Power System Time, Frequency, and Phase Monitor
Accepts either a 60 Hz or 50 Hz, 30 Vrms to 300 Vrms signal, and measures the instantaneous phase and frequency of the fundamental component. Available on the Models 1084, 1088, and 1093.
The Arbiter Systems®, Inc. Model 1084A/B/C, Model 1088B, or Model 1093B/C GPS Satellite Controlled Clocks, equipped with Power System Time, Frequency, and Phase Monitor, measure the instantaneous phase angle and frequency of an applied 50 Hz or 60 Hz signal, using the supplied System Frequency Reference Cable. Based on these measurements and a user-specified initial time offset, the Power System Monitor integrates total time deviation, which is system time minus GPS time. The Power System Monitor rejects the effects of harmonics, noise, dc offsets (external or internal), dropouts and surges, and makes true fundamental phase, frequency and time measurements with real-world input signals.
Measurement results may be displayed or output via RS-232.
Applications for the Power System Monitor include frequency or time deviation monitoring to control daily time variations, system stability, load flow, and state prediction based on phase or frequency measurements across the grid. The Power System Monitor offers outstanding accuracy for phase and frequency measurements at a very economical price.
The measurement process of the board implements a hybrid digital/analog phase-locked loop with automatic level control. A digital synthesizer generates in-phase and quadrature sine wave components and loop compensating signals. The action of the loops forces the frequency and phase of these internally-generated signals to accurately track the incoming signal's fundamental component, while rejecting interfering signals. The digital synthesizer also has a precise 10 PPS output, locked to the phase of the fundamental signal. This signal is measured by an on-board event timer with 100 ns resolution, and the resulting times are converted into absolute phase, frequency, system time relative to 1 PPS-GPS.
To determine phase shift across a transmission line, the measured phase from two units, placed at the ends of the line, is subtracted and normalized into the range of 0 ° to 360 ° (or ± 180 °). By subtracting the two measurements of absolute phase, which are measured using the same (GPS time) reference, the reference cancels, leaving the phase angle between the two units: A-B=(A-R)-(B-R). This method works as long as the two time references are the same, within the error limits required by the application. For GPS time, which provides synchronization of 200 ns (99.99 % confidence), the additional error due to reference synchronization is less than 0.004 °. This is well below the residual measurement uncertainty limit of 0.1 °.
Available on the Models 1084, 1088, and 1093.
- Frequency: 50 Hz nominal, 60 Hz nominal
- Range: ± 10 Hz minimum, from nominal
- Voltage: 30 Vrms to 300 Vrms
- Impedance: 400 kohm, balanced differential
- Connector: Mating connector (twin-BNC) and 6 m (20 ft) cable provided
- Standard: Front-panel display or RS-232
- Phase Angle: 0 ° to 360 °, absolute
- Reference: 1 PPS-GPS
- Accuracy: 0.1 ° 1
- Resolution: 0.01 ° 1
- Frequency: ± 10 Hz of nominal
- Accuracy: 0.001 Hz 1
- Resolution: 0.001 Hz 1
- System Time: Unlimited time error accumulation
- Accuracy: 5 microseconds + 1 ppm of peak accumulated time error 1
- Resolution: 1 microsecond; 6 digits maximum 1
1 Displayed or serial data output.BACK